This meant treating their bodies with special chemicals to preserve them for religious reasons. They got so good at it, we can still see mummies in museums today which were made thousands of years ago.
Death was not seen as the last stage of life, simply as a state in which one was at rest awaiting revivification. We know little of the peasantry; their lives, and thus their deaths, are not easily reconstructed. For those fortunate to live comfortably, however, funerary objects, mummification, and entombment tell us how dangerous the next life could be.